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Blind Author’s Diversity, Inclusion & Anti-Bullying Novel

Image is described in the body of the post.


Advocacy is in my blood and fuels my spirit. So when my friend Donna Hill sent me an email asking for help to win a book cover competition I said YES! Since I’m always looking for opportunities to increase accessibility, inclusion, and representation this opportunity is a fun way to do this. Please join me in voting for Donna’s book cover HERE. Together let’s change how we perceive one another. Without further ado, it’s my pleasure to present Donna:

Now in Final Round of Book Cover Competition: Vote it into the Winners’ Circle!

By Donna W. Hill

Earlier this month, my educator-recommended, young adult novel, The Heart of Applebutter Hill, was chosen to compete in AllAuthor’s Cover of the Month Competition. I remember the first time I visited my special page and hearing JAWS, (Job Access With Speech) my screen reader, say “0 Votes Button.” It seemed like a hopeless case – not that I haven’t been there before.

I entered, and Jaws said, “1 Vote Button.” Since that first day, I’ve been working my butt off, following every lead and using social media in ways I would have never dreamed of only a month ago. Through blog posts, status updates, newsletters, emails to individuals, posts to my many Facebook and LinkedIn groups and requests to authors on the AllAuthor site, I’ve been doing everything I can to get the vote out.

Some of the procedures are complicated, but I’m doing them so much that it’s like my hands are dancing around the keyboard. I’m happy to announce that The Heart of Applebutter Hill is now in the fourth and final round! I’m using the opportunity to raise awareness about blindness, guide dogs and accessibility, & I would appreciate your help. If I’ve already convinced you, just go vote:

Description of the Book Cover of The Heart of Applebutter Hill

Book cover for The Heart of Applebutter Hill by Donna W. Hill shows a cave scene - stalactites reflected in an underground lake, while a hand holds the Heartstone of Arden-Goth: photos, Rich Hill;, design, Lizza Studios.
Book Cover

The cover of The Heart of Applebutter Hill shows a cave scene – stalactites reflected in an underground lake. In the bottom right, a hand holds the blue, heart-shaped Heartstone of Arden-Goth. Photos by Rich Hill; cover design by Bob Lizza, Lizza Studios.

The idea for the book cover, however, came from yours truly. I have a beautiful blue glass, heart-shaped paperweight, which was given to me by my “secret sister” when I belonged to a women’s circle at St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Glenside, Pennsylvania. The cave scene is a bit of a secret. I would like to find out if anyone recognizes it. I will say that my hubby Rich and I have been there twice, and without seeing it in the ordinary sense of the term, that cave formation dug a hole right into my imagination and provided one of the novel’s most exciting, scary and intriguing scenes.

Some Thoughts on the Big Picture

Pink breast-cancer-awareness afghan, designed and knit by Donna W. Hill,  features twining vine surrounded by butterflies and candle flames: photo by Rich Hill
Breast Cancer Awareness Afghan

Pink breast-cancer-awareness afghan, designed and knit by Donna W. Hill, features twining vine surrounded by butterflies and candle flames with “Buddy Check” in Braille: photo by Rich Hill.

Why is this so important to me? It’s October which makes it “Breast Cancer Awareness Month,” and a celebration for me of twenty-nine years as a breast cancer survivor. I am aware that life is short and that there is a reason each of us is here, a unique perspective on the human condition we hold in our hearts and share as a gift to Life.

It’s also “Meet the Blind Month.” I was born legally blind from Retinitis Pigmentosa, a degenerative condition, and I feel an obligation to smooth the trail a bit for the next generation. People with vision loss are still dealing with the devastating impact of misguided, erroneous and cruel prejudices and low expectations about our potentials. These prejudices are held by people who have limited imaginations when it comes to their own impressions of what it must be like to not have eyesight.

Sighted Folks Need Our Help

The sighted world needs to learn about and embrace us for at least two reasons. First, many of us have developed survival, coping and innovation skills that are far less common in the general public. We know how to press on. We don’t have the luxury of giving up after a few tries. We endure humiliation and find ways of coping with it.

It was the news about how average Americans were reacting to the Great Recession that enlightened me. So many people have no clue how to deal with adversity. They’re devastated after applying for and not getting ten jobs. They are thunder-struck when their “friends” don’t want anything to do with them after they’ve lost their homes or jobs. The socioeconomic structure in which they place their trust is a mirage, and when they finally figure that out, they don’t know how to continue. It’s sad.

Secondly, there are people out there, from children to senior citizens, who are unknowingly living as temporarily sighted people. Most of the people in the world who are now blind lost their sight as adults. They grew up as sighted kids, soaking up the negative stereotypes about blindness, until they found themselves having to give up on life or transform their thinking about what it means to be blind. Too many give up.

Social Change Through Literature

Blooming Amarilis with a print copy of The Heart of Applebutter Hill by Donna W. Hill, a fantasy adventure featuring some awesome flowers: photo by Rich Hill.
Blooming red Amaryllis with book

Blooming red Amaryllis with a print copy of The Heart of Applebutter Hill, a fantasy featuring some awesome flowers: photo by Rich Hill.

Blind people come from every race, religion, ethnic, social, age and economic group. From genius to developmentally challenged, straight to gay, we are a cross-section of humanity. To open the minds of the next generation, we need to get our young adult novels & autobiographies into the classroom, where books can open young minds about the abilities and common humanity of visually impaired people.

I have been working on this issue all my adult life, using music, classroom visits, school assemblies and now literature. The prejudices – yeah, there’s that word again – are deeply entrenched in the human mindset. Whether due to unfamiliarity or something else, these roots need some serious tugging at to break free.

Yes, we can open minds about blindness through literature. A book can give sighted people a safe place to get to know a blind person. It’s also important that young blind people get to see themselves in an exciting adventure fantasy. I believe it can help bridge the gap between the sighted public and the blind community and help kids who are losing their sight realize they are not alone.

Blind Authors & the Publishing Industry: a Locked Door

The publishing industry, while occasionally willing to take on the nonfiction stories of blind people who make it into the public arena, has been more reluctant to embrace fictional portrayals of blind people by blind authors. The disability community has a saying, “Nothing about us without us.” So far, however, the industry is more open to fictional portrayals of blind people by sighted authors.

Some blind writers have been told that their portrayals of blind girls and women are “unrealistic.” Others were told that the public wants their fictional blind females to be demure, spiritual and in need of rescue. Despite the obstacles, more excellent blind authors than ever are establishing themselves as career authors.

Blind Authors Find Ways Around Those Locked Doors

Whether through self-publishing or by working with small publishing houses, their work is getting out there. Some of my favorite blind women authors include Deborah Kent Stein, Amy Krout-Horn, Kristen Witucki, Meredith Burton, Phyllis Campbell, Jo Elizabeth Pinto, Patty Fletcher, and Lynda Lambert. As for blind men, there’s Jerry Whittle and Justin Oldham for starters.

Fiction by blind authors, however, is not on the bestseller’s lists. Several years ago, I ran across a report by the diversity watchdog group “Diversity in YA.” They track the Publishers Weekly bestsellers for young adult novels with main characters and authors with minority status, including disabilities. In 2013, there were no blind main characters. There were also no black main characters. Only the gay community even came close to having a percentage of books in line with population.

This is evidence of the rejection of diversity by the publishing industry and in my opinion something we need to change to create an atmosphere of inclusion in the general population. Here’s a link to the report:

Voting Instructions for Jaws Users

Go on over to:

  1. The page title is “Vote for The Heart of Applebutter Hill
  2. From the top of the page, use ‘h to next heading which is the book title The Heart of Applebutter Hill.
  3. Down-arrow past author & genre till you hear a number followed by “Vote button.” At this writing, I have 258 votes, so it should say, “258 Sign-in Vote Button.”
  4. Enter.
  5. You will be prompted to sign up to the site; choose ‘author or ‘reader. You can establish a nice profile, but you don’t have to.
  6. Give your email, password and sign up. Thanks, bunches, you’ve just voted.

More Links

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WOTM 24 Featuring Donna Hill

The Mystique of Blindness

Book: The Heart of Applebutter Hill with multiple-amarilis-blooms courtesy of Donna Hill
Image Courtesy of Donna Hill – The Heart of Applebutter Hill

Happy Friday!! I don’t know about you but I am so glad that it’s the weekend I’m not sure what to do with myself. This morning the thermometer registered a cool 3 degrees fahrenheit with a wind chill around 7 below zero or thereabouts. Layers were key, although my secret weapon (hot flashes) kept me rather comfy/cozy.

I want to dive right into today’s topic because it’s one that’s close to my heart. Donna Hill, author of the novel The Heart of Applebutter Hill, and the blog with the same title, wrote an interesting post yesterday and with her permission I will share with you today. But first a little on Donna.

Like many of the women I feature on Fierce Fridays I have not had the pleasure of meeting Donna in person but we but we connected through our mutual love of blogging. What caught my attention about Donna was finding out she also lives in Pennsylvania (I always get a little extra excited when I come across bloggers who are within my geographical area).

To describe Donna it’d probably be easier to list what she hasn’t done because she is so  multi-talented.  She’s a speaker, writer, advocate, musician, and breast cancer survivor with a range of interests from education, knitting, and animals to chocolate. And she doesn’t know this until she’ll read about it here, but she shares my affection of the Stephanie Plum series of books written by Janet Evanovich.

Donna, who was born legally blind from Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP), a rare, inherited eye disease that causes severe vision impairment and often blindness, developed a short quiz on her blog yesterday that encourages us to ponder what we think we know, or increase our knowledge of blindness. I wanted to share this to hopefully help alleviate the some of awkwardness on discussion about, or being around people who are blind or vision impaired. Since we’re operating on the honor system here, below the multiple choice questions are the answers then some resource information follows at the end of the post.

What Do You Know About Blind Americans, Their Skills & Challenges?

True or False

  1. Most blind people are either born blind or lose their vision as children.
  2. People using guide dogs and other service dogs are allowed in public places, but it’s OK for the business owner to have a separate place for them.
  3. The largest group of people with print disabilities who need books in accessible formats are not visually impaired.
  4. Most of the people who are considered legally blind have no vision whatsoever.
  5. If you meet a blind person, you can reasonably assume that they will need help doing    ordinary things such as crossing the street, using the bathroom or cutting their food.
  6. When talking to a blind person, you should always Speak louder than usual.
  7. Blind people can’t use computers.
  8. Blind people need to live with someone who can see.
  9. A blind man drove a car around the Daytona racetrack without sighted assistance.
  10. All websites are designed to conform to accessibility standards, so that people using screen readers, magnification programs, Braille interfaces and voice recognition software can use them.

Multiple Choice

  1. In which of the following occupations have blind people already excelled?
    a) medical doctor
    b) NASA engineer
    c) teacher
    d) lawyer
    e) All of the above
    f) None of the above
  2. Which of these statements best describes the availability of accessible books for people with print disabilities?
    a) Every new book is made into accessible formats for people with print disabilities      within the first month after publication.
    b) About two-thirds of all new books are made accessible.
    c) Only 5% of new books are made into accessible formats.
    d) No books are made accessible until someone specifically requests them.
  3. If you want to guide a blind person to a chair, a bus stop or store, you should:
    a) hold onto their arm and gently push them along
    b) put your arm around their shoulders as you walk
    c) take their hand
    d) ask them if they’d like to take your elbow.
  4. If a blind person has a guide dog, you should:
    a) hold the dog’s guiding harness,
    b) talk to the dog,
    c) give the dog a treat
    d) ignore the dog entirely
  5. If you want to pet a guide dog, you should:
    a) Pet their head
    b) Get down so you’re at eye-level with the dog
    c) Ask permission
    d) Just go for it, as long as the dog looks friendly.
  6. Which of the following statements about Braille is true?
    a) Braille is the only form of reading and writing for people who can’t see print which offers the same level of literacy as print.
    b) Braille can be read on small, portable digital devices that can hold many Braille books.
    c) Braille is taught to less than 10% of blind children.
    d) All of the above
    e) None of the above
  7. Rehabilitation counsellors say the biggest hurdle their newly blind clients must overcome is:
    a) Learning to use a guide dog or white cane
    b) Learning to read Braille
    c) Learning to use a computer with a screen reader.
    d) Changing their own beliefs about blindness.
  8. Encouraging middle school and older students, colleagues and others to read The Heart of Applebutter Hill, which features a 14-year-old girl who is losing her sight, can do which of these?
    a) give readers a safe place to meet a blind teen and other people with disabilities b) going about their daily lives.
    c) develop an awareness of the issues facing people with vision loss.
    d) raise awareness about bullying and how it impacts kids with disabilities.
    e) give readers the opportunity to read a fun and suspenseful story.
    f) all of the above.
    g) none of the above.

Answers to the “What Do You Know About Blindness?” Quiz

“*” = further info & references are below True or False

  1. False: A very small percentage of vision loss happens at birth or in childhood. Most blind people grow up sighted. The CDC predicts a tripling of diabetes-related blindness in working age Americans by 2050.*
  2. False. Equal access under the Americans with Disabilities Act specifically prohibits businesses from confining service dogs to  areas set aside for pets, such as pet rooms in motels, and allows them access to all areas open to the general public. Service dogs must be under control, however.*
  3. True. Most students who require books in alternative formats have learning disabilities such as dyslexia, not visual impairments. In fact Learning Ally (formerly Recording for the Blind), which provides recorded books read by volunteers, says that 75% of their 300,000 subscribers are learning disabled.
  4. False: According to the American Foundation for the Blind, “Only 18 percent of people who are visually impaired are classified as being totally blind, and the majority of them can differentiate between light and dark.”
  5. False. Assumption about anything is problematic. The causes, extent and the length of time a person has lived with vision loss, the training and quality of rehabilitation they have received and the beliefs about blindness held by their families and friends, along with their innate strengths and weaknesses  make it impossible to “assume” anything about what they can or cannot do.
  6. False. Just like the general population, some blind people have hearing loss, but most hear normally. And, no, blind people don’t have super senses; they just pay more attention to their remaining senses  .
  7. False. Text-to-speech (aka screen reading) technology enables blind people to prepare, format and edit documents, read and write emails, surf the internet and use cellphones.
  8. False: Blind people live in many situations including alone. They can cook, clean and handle household finances as well as a sighted person, if they have the proper training, equipment and a “can-do” attitude. They ski, surf, climb mountains and participate in society as volunteers, politicians and parents.
  9. True. on January 29, 2011, preceding the Rolex 24 at the Daytona International Speedway, Mark Riccobono (currently president of the NFB and at the time Executive Director of the NFB’s Jernigan Institute) drove a modified Ford Escape at 30 mph around the raceway. Blind and blind-folded, he received real-time information via vibrations sent to his fingers, back and legs that allowed him to make independent decisions about speed and steering.
  10. False. The ADA and other laws governing access to the internet and digital software are complaint driven. Despite almost a quarter century of public awareness campaigns and landmark rulings and out-of-court settlements, much of the internet remains off-limits for people using adaptive software. Often, the problems are simple to fix, like properly labeling buttons or links and using text-based security questions instead of graphic CAPTCHAs. Even audio is problematic especially for those who are deaf and blind. Free resources are available to help web designers create accessible PDF files, Flash, Java and other web design elements. *

Multiple Choice

  1. Answer: E. Yes, all of the above and more. Technology is enabling blind people to excel at professions assumed to be off-limits without sight, including the sciences.*
  2. Answer: C. The World Blind Union states that only 5% of books are made accessible. This puts blind people at a significant disadvantage vis-à-vis their sighted peers in  education and employment.*
  3. Answer: D. Allowing a blind person to hold your elbow means you will be leading and they will be following. It’s more comfortable for everybody.
  4. Answer: D. Never touch a guide dog or any part of the dog’s guiding equipment without specific permission.
  5. Answer: C. Always ask before approaching, talking to or touching a guide dog, and respect the person’s wishes. Guide dogs are “on duty” when their harness is on, even if they’re sprawled on the floor snoozing. Failure to respect these boundaries sends a conflicting message, can cause the dog to be distracted and could lead to problems down the line. Sometimes, it may be OK, but let the dog’s handler make that call.
  6. Answer: D. Listening is wonderful, but it isn’t literacy for sighted people and it shouldn’t be for blind people either.  Spelling and grammar are felt in real-time as a person reads Braille. When using a screen reader, a person can go back and read character by character to catch the spelling and punctuation; this is an extra step, however, and you have to remember not to assume. After all, not everyone spells names like John and Debbie the same way.

Braille is part of the digital revolution, making it possible to access far more books than ever before. Students can carry all of their textbooks in a small digital device with a refreshable Braille display. Nonetheless, Braille literacy  has fallen to about 10%, despite the increased availability and portability of Braille books and  strong links between Braille literacy to success in higher education and the workplace. This is due to a shortage of qualified Braille teachers, low expectations and a general societal loss of an understanding of what literacy actually is.

7.  Answer: D. Blindness is not like other minority groups. Most of the time, whites don’t wake up one day as African-Americans, men don’t suddenly become women and straights don’t just end up gay. This, however, is exactly what happens in most cases of blindness and other disabilities. Since most blind people grow up sighted, they form beliefs in childhood about what it means to be blind. These beliefs are often negative and based upon misinformation and prejudice. If you believe that life as a blind person would be devoid of independence, productivity and joy and then lose your own sight, these beliefs form a major stumbling block to living life at its fullest.
8.  This is a bit of a trick question. I hope the answer is “all of the above.” Won’t you read it, and tell Donna what you think?

Donna, thank you for being proactive in creating this tool to help provide deeper insight into the realm of blindness and vision loss.

More Info & References:

Statistics on Blindness

  • Statistics on blindness and visual impairments are difficult to interpret because of differences in definitions and methods. Also, until recently, blindness was lumped in with other disabilities even by the Department of Labor and Industry for employment statistics.  For more about this issue see the latest issue of the Research Navigator from the American Foundation for the Blind:
  • Based on data from The 2013 American Community Survey, the Current Population Survey (CPS), which looks at functional visual impairment (people who are still reporting difficulty seeing well enough to perform everyday tasks despite correction): 2,100,000 people Ages 16 to 64 report visual difficulty. There are another 2,018,000 over age 65 (1,296,000 of whom are over 75). Visit the Data Corner of the National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision at:
  • In contrast, the American Printing House for the Blind collects data on children and youth eligible for adapted educational materials from APH through the Act to Promote the Education of the Blind, based on visual acuity. The total number of non-college students (infants and older) is 60,393.
  • Distribution of Eligible Students Based on the Federal Quota Census of January 7, 2014:

Blindness is on the Rise in Working-Age Adults

  • “Diabetes Epidemic Signals an Increase in Blindness, Too”

Service Dogs

Accessible Books for People with Visual Impairments and Other Print Disabilities

Here’s a  comparison between what’s available for print readers & what’s accessible for those with print disabilities

  • 36 million – the approximate number of books and other print materials in the collection of the Library of Congress (according to with 12,000 added daily.
  • 300,000 – approximate number of titles available from Bookshare, the world’s largest accessible online library for people with print disabilities. Note: Bookshare provides their collection in several downloadable formats, including DAISY text, synthetic speech and refreshable Braille.
  • 80,000 – approximate number of titles available from Learning Ally – formerly Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic – the world’s largest library of human-narrated audiobooks, as of October 30, 2014.
  • 80,000 – books in audio format available through the National Library Service for the Blind & Physically Handicapped (NLS), a division of the Library of Congress.
  • 31,338 – books available in braille from NLS.

For more information and to learn about the Marrakesh Treaty and how ratifying it can help, read “Is Literacy Really for Everyone? – the Numbers Tell a Different Story” at:

Braille Literacy

Careers for Blind People

  • Tim Cordes graduated from medical school in 2010:
  • He wasn’t the first blind man to do so. Dr. David Hartman, a practicing psychiatrist in Virginia attended medical school as a blind student in the ’70s, and Dr. Jacob Bolotin did so in 1912.
  • Celeste Lopes, New York State assistant district attorney and deputy bureau chief, Rackets Division, grew up blind and has been with the NYC District Attorney’s office for over 27 years.

Read about the contribution of blind Goddard Space Flight Center employee Dr. Marco Midon in “Blind Engineer Finds Solution That Could Provide Insight into Soyuz Capsule Re-entry Issues” at:  

Blind Driver’s?

  • The Blind Driver Challenge ™ (BDC) is a joint project between the National Federation of the Blind (NFB) Jernigan Institute and Virginia Tech’s Robotics and Mechanisms Lab (RoMeLa). The Jernigan Institute is the only research and training facility on blindness operated by blind people. Dr. Dennis Hong, RoMeLa’s director, stepped forward after NFB President Emeritus Dr. Marc Maurer challenged America’s universities in 2004 to develop a car blind people could drive. An initiative to develop nonvisual interface technology that conveys real-time information, the BDC  received the 2010 Application of the Year Award at the National Instruments Graphical System Design Achievement Awards. The Virginia Tech/TORC BDC team project also received the Graphical System Design Achievement Award in the Robotics category.

Website Accessibility

Accessibility to websites, software and digital technology for people with visual impairments is limited. This profoundly impacts education and employment. The November, 2011 issue of the First Monday Journal (University of Illinois, Chicago) features an academic study explaining the issues and recommending solutions.

“Retrofitting accessibility: The legal inequality of after-the-fact online access for persons with disabilities in the United States” by Brian Wentz, Paul T. Jaeger, and Jonathan Lazar:

It warns that disability laws are creating a “separate but unequal” online environment and a “permanent underclass.”

Make Your Website Accessible to Everyone

Prepared 2/9/15 by Donna W. Hill, author of The Heart of Applebutter Hill. Contact Donna at: