Achromatopsia – is a non-progressive and hereditary visual disorder which is characterized by decreased vision, light sensitivity, and the absence of color vision. In the U.S. it affects about 1 in every 33,000 people.
Albinism – includes a group of inherited disorders that are characterized by little or no production of the pigment melanin. The type and amount of melanin your body produces determines the color of your skin, hair and eyes. Most people with albinism are sensitive to sun exposure and are at increased risk of developing skin cancer.
AMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration) –
Amblyopia – is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye. This condition is also sometimes called lazy eye.
Apoptosis – Programmed cell death
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS)
Blindness – refers to a loss of vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses.
Charles Bonnet syndrome
Complete blindness – cannot see anything and do not see light. (Many people who use the term “blindness” mean complete blindness.)
Congenital Stationary Night Blindness (CSNB)
Dry eye syndrome
Juvenile Macular Degeneration
Leber congenital amaurosis
Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (Non-24)
Optic Nerve Atrophy
Optic Nerve Hypoplasia
Partial blindness – very limited vision.
Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP)
Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE)
Retinopathy of Prematurity